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October 2018 · Twelve Principal Articles.


I. Prose poetry lost and found by Ian Seed.

A personal reflection: ‘I was impressed by what could be achieved in so few words. And finally, there was the fact that this was called a “poem”, but in terms of shape it did not resemble any of the poetry that I was studying at school, although I had read and enjoyed Blake’s Marriage of Heaven and Hell, which I had picked out on my own from the school library. Blake was in fact an important figure for Patchen.’ Also in The Fortnightly: Anthony Howell inquires: ‘The Prose Poem: What the hell is it?


II. The other side where sight is without eyes by James Gallant.

‘Much ink has been spilled on the Victorian “cult of death” with its elaborate funerals, graveyard stone angels, and mawkish epitaphs. (Period favorites were “Asleep in Jesus” and “Gone in the [Resurrection] Morning”). It has been argued, though, that the Victorian to-do over death was rooted in the same conviction of death’s finality common today.’ Two short essays. Published with ‘The Eyes of Coleridge’ — his ‘shaping spirits’. By Anthony Costello.


III. Language and genocide by Tom Zoellner.

‘After the independence movements of the 1950s, Francophone Africa lay spread in a wide belt across the center of the continent, split into autonomous nations and competing interests. Paris continued to wield outsized monetary and military influence in its former colonies and among its neighbors, and, in times of dispute, tended to see those who spoke French as “the good guys” and all the rest as the enemies.’


IV. Walter Benjamin and the City by Alan Wall.

‘In the modern city, Benjamin observed the decay of experience. Here, experience shallowed out and speeded up…Continuities were fractured. Holistic representation shattered into montage, a kaleidoscope of impressions hammering away at the sensorium. It is impossible to draw an isometric section of modernity, because it will not stop moving long enough for the measurements to be made.’


V. An objective theory of Modernist aesthetics by Tronn Overend.

‘Aquinas’s notion of clarity can be understood as the development of a theme. This sits easily with the Modernists. Explorations ‘of the thing itself’ was ‘never’ complicated by also trying to incorporate things ‘on it’. Such ornamentation would always confuse the problem of thematic development. Is there too much? Is there enough? Does it add anything to the form and the proportion that is being explored? By simplifying their project, Modernists more easily achieved clarity of purpose and a simpler development of their themes’


VI. Dreams…and nightmares of four civilisations by Alan Macfarlane.

‘It is extremely difficult to pierce to the core of a civilisation. However, one indirect, but powerful, way to do this is to examine the dreams and the nightmares that haunt daily life. Civilisations characteristically project their beliefs, identities and anxieties onto a mirror of ‘The Other’. The dreams, or ideal types of behaviour to which we should aspire, tell us about the hopes of a civilisation. The anxieties and worries, the way in which this ‘Other’ mirrors the fears of powers that are believed to be trying to undermine a civilisation’s beliefs and institutions are equally revealing.’

 


VII. Doctor Gachet by Anthony Costello and Emma Storr.

You will see the doctor now — this time through the eyes of Vincent van Gogh. Anthony Costello and Emma Storr have written an examination of that most intimate of platonic relationships, the doctor and the patient, and the influence they exert on each other. A preview chapter from an anticipated book. And for more on doctors and what they see, have a look at these: Santiago Ramón y Cajal’s Dreams of Nerve Cells by Charles Vecht and Zbigniew Kotowicz by Anthony Rudolf.


VIII. Roger Fry and the formalist project by Marnin Young.

For painter Walter Sickert (right), the so-called Post-Impressionists are united only by their wilful “deformation” and violations of “quality,” but Roger Fry’s formalism owned the future. Both wrote about the 1910-11 Grafton exhibition for The Fortnightly Review. ‘The difference between the two texts, republished here, is about as good a demonstration as one could find of an intellectual watershed.’


IX. The Utopian Animal by David A. Eisenberg.

As Aristotle observed, “all men by nature desire to know.” But knowledge, that is absolute knowledge or wisdom, is unattainable, hence the enduring pursuit of it and the unceasing restlessness that reposes in man. Utopias preclude this pursuit; they promise an end to this restlessness. They do not presage the attainment of wisdom, so much as an end to the perpetual striving for it.’


X. Shakespeare’s ‘Islamic’ masterpiece by Nigel Wheale.

‘The utter strangeness of Shakespeare’s “The Phoenix and the Turtle” in English literary convention is revealed by comparisons, and connections, with texts from older, more exotic traditions – Indian, Persian, Arabic, Berber Numidian, which have resonances with these verses from the English Midlands, around 1601.’ Second of a two-part consideration of ‘Let the Bird of Loudest Lay’.


XI. The New Beauty by Anthony Howell.

‘What is beauty in the age of The Avengers: Age of Ultron – a film which cost $279 million to make and grossed over a billion? What is beauty when Damien Hirst [above] tells us that his Venice Biennale exhibit cost him £50 million to make? As an aesthetic ideal, wealth stimulates a veritable culture of prizes, breaking down the divide which has traditionally separated art from sport. It’s an ideal that stimulates competition and incites envy, isolating one creative from another and thus ensuring against revolution. Very neatly, the rebellious “tradition” of the salon des refusés has been annulled by the oligarchs.’


Orson Welles.XII. Thoughts on Germany by Orson Welles.

‘You’d journeyed down from Berlin, and, in a break in the journey, you’d come upon this real, live munitions maker. There he was, with a flower in his button-hole, an Argentine girl at his side, a respectful ring of Swiss bankers all about him, smoking an Havana cigar on the borders of an Italian lake. The eyes in the sharply drawn, solid-looking head, are set in a questing expression. They are the eyes of a shrewd hunter, but you surprise in them a curious pallid emptiness—a dead spot. It is as though the centre of a target were painted white, or like the vacuum in the heart of a tornado.


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Edited by Denis Boyles and Alan Macfarlane.

Poetry Editor: Peter Riley.

Editors, Contributors, and Contact Details.

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Editorial statement.

The object of THE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW is to become the organ of the unbiassed expression of many and various minds on topics of general interest in Politics, Literature, Philosophy, Science, and Art. Each contribution will have the gravity of an avowed responsibility. Each contributor, in giving his name, will not only give an earnest of his sincerity, but will claim the privilege of perfect freedom of opinion, unbiassed by the opinions of the Editor or of fellow contributors.

– G.H. Lewes, May 13, 1865.

Welcome to The Fortnightly Review. This is the New Series.

A Partial Archive of the New Series.

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Departments.

Poetry Notes by Peter Riley.
Clues & Labyrinths by Alan Wall.
Currente Calamo by Michael Blackburn.
Rejected! The history of literary disappointment by Stephen Wade.
Verisimilitudes: Essays and approximations by James Gallant.
The American Note by Chloë Hawkey.
Letter from Venice by Robin Saikia.
Una Visione Estesa by Keith Johnson.
Museums & Collections by Ian Sansom.
Reviews and comment on books, etc.

For a search of the complete archive use the ‘search’ box in the right-hand column. In The Fortnightly’s online template, illustrations on text pages are thumbnails with captions embedded. To enlarge an illustration, click on it. To read a caption, hover over the illustration. Some video elements also appear as thumbnails. To play them full-screen in YouTube, click twice. Pressing the escape key will return you to the originating page.


The Fortnightly Serials.
Fortnightly serials.2011: Golden-beak in eight parts. By George Basset (H. R. Haxton).
2012: The Invention of the Modern World in 18 parts. By Alan Macfarlane.
2013: Helen in three long parts. By Oswald Valentine Sickert.
2016-17: The Survival Manual in eight parts. By Alan Macfarlane.
2018: After the Snowbird, Comes the Whale. By Tom Lowenstein. Now running.


The TROLLOPE PRIZE Winners.

2011: The Intensive and Extensive Worlds of Anthony Trollope’s Framley Parsonage by Lucy Sheehan, Columbia University.
2012: A Competitive World: Ambition and Self-Help in Trollope’s An Autobiography and The Three Clerks by Rebecca Richardson, Stanford University.
2013: Sanction, pragmatic pursuit and civil society in Trollope’s The Eustace Diamonds by Andrew Lallier, University of Knoxville.
2014: Love in a time of politics by Gregory Brennen, Duke University (graduate) and Trollope and Darwin by Molly Menickelly, William & Mary (undergraduate).
2015: The Temporality of Realism and Romance in He Knew He Was Right by Sarah Faulkner, University of Washington.
2016: No award.
2017: Trollope’s ‘Feeling for the world’ in Fixed Period by Joel Simundich, Brown University (graduate) and ‘Resisting Temptation’ in Trollope’s Small House by Katharine Scott, College of William and Mary (undergraduate).


Poetry Notes by Peter Riley.


POETRY. Alphabetical by author.

New poems by Richard Berengarten.
Children of war in Palestine by Manash Bhattacharjee.
Vignettes (V) by Iain Britton.
Lorenzo Calogero: Six poems in new translations by John Taylor.
An excerpt from ‘Blind Distance’ by Pierre Chapuis, translated by John Taylor.
Two poems by Arup K Chatterjee.
‘After Argos…’ by Kelvin Corcoran
Anthony Costello: three new poems.
Translations of Shakespeare’s sonnets (and five more poems) by Emily Critchley.
Æcerbot by Steve Ely.
Hefted by Gary Evans.
Twelve prose poems by Monk Gibbon
Preface to ‘Émaux et camées’ by Théophile Gautier, translated by Harry Guest.
Five poems by Gëzim Hajdari translated by Ian Seed.
‘After Tranströmer’ and four more poems by Colin Honnor.
Three poems by Colin Honnor.
My part in the downfall of everything: a satire on Deceit by Anthony Howell.
An excerpt from ‘Silent Highway’ by Anthony Howell.
Diatribe by Anthony Howell.
‘Eucalypso Redux’ and ‘Battleships/Romance’ by Alex Houen.
Quite frankly, a sequence by Peter Hughes.
Seven sonnets by Keith Hutson. .
Two Vilanelles by Zainab Ismail.
Grandeur by Andrew Jordan.
Three poems by Steve Kronen.
A Scrap of Paper by Paul Hyacinthe Loyson, Translations by JG Frazer and Edward Brabrook.
New poems by Franca Mancinelli, from Little Book of Passage translated by John Taylor.
Happiness Is the New Bedtime by Becka Mara McKay.
Four ‘ad-libs’ for John Berryman by Lawrence Markert.
Three poems by Anne Mounic translated by Harry Guest.
Six Poems by Lewis Oakwood.
The Man Who Turned to Paper by Simon Perril, with three more new poems.
The Wild Child by Laura Potts.
‘X’, an excerpt from ‘Due North’ by Peter Riley.
The Lay of Love and Death of Christoph Cornet Rilke von Langenau, by Ranier Maria Rilke, translated by Harry Guest.
‘Recessional’ and other new poems by Hoyt Rogers.
Six new poems by Peter Robinson.
Winétt de Rokha: Three Poems translated by J. Mark Smith.
Two Poems by James Russell.
Six-Way Mirror by Robert Saxton
Parabola by Maurice Scully.
Five poems by Jules Supervielle translated by Ian Seed.
Three new poems by Sanjeev Sethi.
Four Poems by Christopher Steare.
Fair by Martin Thom.
Partita for solo violin by Ruby Turok-Squire.
Two poems by Ruby Turok-Squire.
‘Y’, by Pierre Voélin translated by John Taylor.
Fetish by Alan Wall.
The Art of Writing and other poems by Alan Wall.
Midrash by Alan Wall.
Poems in Prose by Oscar Wilde.
Four poems by John Welch.
Five new poems by Judith Willson.
Two poems from ‘Poems without Irony’ by Alex Wong
Shrinking Cities and Small Station by Alan Zhukovski.


FICTION.

The Adjunct by James Gallant.
The More Things Change by Michael Buckingham Gray
Once more with feeling by Michael Buckingham Gray
Men with women: three more very short stories by Michael Buckingham Gray
Things by D.H. Lawrence
The Vanishing by David Rea
Nine tiny fictions by Ian Seed.
New York Hotel and Five Other Prose Pieces by Ian Seed.
Italian Lessons by Ian Seed.
Nine thimblefuls of fiction by Ian Seed.
Gold by Martin Sorrell.


The Fortnightly Dossiers.

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Do you know Brunetière?’ by Erik Butler.

It’s unusual for a critic to be despised to the point where social events are organized to express revulsion. But Ferdinand Brunetière antagonized France at a particularly volatile moment. ‘The Third Republic incubated twentieth-century Europe: accelerating industrialization, democracy, mass movements, colonialist projects, nationalism, anti-Semitism, secularism, and more still. Now, at the outset of a new millennium, perhaps Brunetière’s day has come again.’ A dossier with an appreciation by Yetta Blaze de Bury from our archive and a supplemental ebook by Elton Hocking.

On The Manager by Richard Berengarten: A critical dossier edited by Paul Scott Derrick, with contributions by A. Robert Lee, Anthony Walton and Kay Young.

La Serenissima: A Fortnightly travel dossier by Robin Saikia, Gigi Bon, Hoyt Rogers, Michele Casagrande, with photographs by Alvise Nicoletti.

Remy de Gourmont: A dossier devoted to ‘the critical consciousness of a generation’ (according  to TS Eliot), with remarks by Ezra Pound, Richard Aldington, John Taylor and Paul Cohen.

André du Bouchet: a portfolio of his verse translated by Paul Auster and Hoyt Rogers with an introduction to his work.

A Memorial Dossier honoring Yves Bonnefoy with contributions from Hoyt Rogers and Anthony Rudolf.

Reflections on Walter Benjamin by Alan Wall.

The Tagore Dossier: Ezra Pound, W. B. Yeats (with a post-script by Marianne Moore), William Rothenstein, Harold M. Hurwitz and Tagore’s At the Fair.

Roger Fry and the formalist project by Marnin Young, with a dispute: Post-impressionists by Walter Sickert vs. Post-Impressionism by Roger Fry.


COMMENTARY, ESSAYS and REVIEWS. Alphabetical by author.

The function of criticism at the present time by Matthew Arnold.
The interview as text and performance by Richard Berengarten and John Dillon.
Octavio Paz in Cambridge, 1970 by Richard Berengarten.
The Wonders of Man in the Age of Simulations by Roger Berkowitz.
A Pataphysical Education by Paul Cohen.
Ringing the Changes by Paul Scott Derrick.
On ‘The Manager’, A critical dossier devoted to Richard Berengarten’s long poem. Edited by Paul Scott Derrick. (See above, in ‘Dossiers’).
Artists and their physicians: Van Gogh and Dr Paul Gachet by Anthony Costello and Emma Storr.
The Utopian Animal by David Eisenberg.
The History of Imagism by F. S. Flint.
Coleridge, poetry and the ‘rage for disorder’ by James Gallant.
Otto Rank’s Variations on a Theme by James Gallant.
Arthur Rimbaud’s anti-poetic life by Francis Gribble.
Anthony Rudolf’s literary Wunderkammer by Harry Guest.
Peter Dent’s ‘starmaps left for night’ by Harry Guest.
A ‘slanting view’ of Peter Redgrove by Harry Guest.
The Making of Mugabe by Lance Guma.
John Ashbery 1927-2017 by Anthony Howell.
The Prose Poem: What the Hell is it? by Anthony Howell.
The Poems of Basil Bunting by Anthony Howell.
‘The New Beauty’ by Anthony Howell
Asprezza: a Paean to the Pioneer of the Madrigal by Anthony Howell.
Sonnets for all, gathered by Anthony Howell
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Zoran Music in Dachau by Steven Jaron.
Two essays on Jane Austen by Thomas Kebbel.
A charming sense of the new by Christopher Landrum.
‘Things’ by D.H. Lawrence.
The Case of Edmund Rack By Tom Lowenstein.
Notes from an Alpine Landscape by Tom Lowenstein.
Imagining Coleridge and Evans by Rachel Mann.
The cars, carpets and chemistry of the National Gallery’s John Mills by John McEwen.
With Warhol on the Move by Charles Plymell.
The ‘awkwardness’ of Denise Riley, by Peter Riley.
On a poem by John Riley by Peter Riley.
Pierre Reverdy’s ‘non-novel’ reviewed by Peter Riley
Translating du Bouchet: An exchange with Peter Riley by Hoyt Rogers.
Zbigniew Kotowicz by Anthony Rudolf.
Of wisdom and folly in art, from Eagle’s Nest, by John Ruskin.
The Poems of ‘H.D.’ by May Sinclair
Shelley, the ‘divine poet’ by Gilbert Thomas.
Santiago Ramón y Cajal’s Dreams of Nerve Cells by Charles Vecht.
Irony and Ironists by Alan Wall.
Modernist poetics by Alan Wall.
Walter Benjamin and Surrealism by Alan Wall.
Walter Benjamin: Notes for the End of Time by Alan Wall.
The Poet and the Dictionary by Alan Wall.
Textuality by Alan Wall.
An English Lady, a portrait of the author’s mother, by Hugh Walpole.
Thoughts on Germany by Orson Welles.
The Rediscovery of the Unique by H.G. Wells.
Quixote on the Brooklyn Bridge: Ben Lerner’s 10:04 reviewed by Nigel Wheale.
Shakespeare’s ‘Islamic’ poem, a two-part investigation by Nigel Wheale.
A Drohobych Diptych: The parallel lives of Bruno Schulz and Stepan Bandera by H.A. Willis
Duties of care in the study of literature by Alex Wong.
The poet as ‘strategic’ ironist by Alex Wong.
Spender’s last take by Andrew Graham-Yooll.

FROM ‘POETRY NOTES’.
Karl O’Hanlon and Daragh Breen by Peter Riley.
Angela Leighton and Geraldine Monk by Peter Riley
Lorenzo Calogero and Other Poets in Translation by Peter Riley.
Ilhan Berk by Peter Riley.
Poets, Calm by Peter Riley.
Poets, Angry by Peter Riley.
Christopher Middletonby Peter Riley.
From on high and from the tall grass by Peter Riley.
Poets once young by Peter Riley.
The New Pastoral in French Poetry by Peter Riley.
The Apophatic Poetry of André du Bouchet by Peter Riley.
Mellors, Philpott, and the ‘poetry of rebellion’ by Peter Riley.
Poetry deformed in translation by Peter Riley.
The Poetry of Autumn, by Peter Riley. Reviewed: Barnett, Jarvis, Simms, Sutherland.


ART & ARCHITECTURE.

Poetry and the fearful symmetry by Daniel Bosch.
Zoran Music at Dachau by Steven Jaron.
The mosaic of the Transfiguration by Cyril Mango. A commentary on ‘the layers of meaning that the art of the Early Church produced by very simple means’.
Imran Qureshi by David Nowell Smith.
Peter Lanyon’s ‘Soaring Flight’ by David Nowell Smith.
How’s the Mood-Board? a Rapture by Nigel Wheale.
The Omega Point: a Rapture by Nigel Wheale.
‘Tallys’ and the Postmodern Sublime: a Rapture by Nigel Wheale.


FILM, VIDEO & THEATRE.

Talking to Jan Harlan about Stanley Kubrick by L.M. Kit Carson.
Three essays on Romeo and Juliet by Hoyt Rogers.
Dead Heads by Bram Stoker.


ECONOMICS & FINANCE.

The beauty of quantitative easing by Nick O’Hear.
The Work Programme by Ian Bourn.
Pin- and Pencil-Making in the 21st century by Brent Ranali.


DANCE, MUSIC & PERFORMANCE.

Nick Lowe shows up for a friend. by Austin de Lone.
The Funeral of Isaac Albéniz by James Gallant.
Francesco Roberto, From His Diaries by James Gallant.
Who is Bruce Springsteen? by Peter Knobler.
Modern Nō Theatre by Oswald Sickert. The Japanese get much more out of subtleties of rhythm (or, rather, out of playing hide-and-seek with one simple rhythm) than we do and are correspondingly lax about the interval between one note and another. I don’t believe a European would have thought of dividing the drum beats between two instruments….Every subsidiary detail of the performance possesses, I don’t know how to say, but a solidity. It’s there — God knows how it came there; but there it is, and it’s not a contrivance, not an ‘idea’.
Zorile, Peter Riley’s reflections on Transylvanian melancholy, from Dawn Songs




HISTORY, BIOGRAPHY, ANTHROPOLOGY & TRAVEL.

The glass lantern shattered: Jeremy Bentham and the demise of the Panopticon Prison by Neil Davies.
Thoughts on Germany by Orson Welles.
‘You’d journeyed down from Berlin, and, in a break in the journey, you’d come upon this real, live munitions maker. There he was, with a flower in his button-hole, an Argentine girl at his side, a respectful ring of Swiss bankers all about him, smoking an Havana cigar on the borders of an Italian lake. The eyes in the sharply drawn, solid-looking head, are set in a questing expression. They are the eyes of a shrewd hunter, but you surprise in them a curious pallid emptiness—a dead spot. It is as though the centre of a target were painted white, or like the vacuum in the heart of a tornado.’
The Bedouin of St Katherine by Hilary Gilbert.
For 1500 years, the Sacred Monastery of the God-Trodden Mount Sinai — the ancient monastery of St Catherine — located at the foot of Mount Sinai has had a staunch ally in the Bedouin of the Sinai. When the local police stood down during the last Egyptian revolution, the Bedouin stood up to protect the monks and their priceless icons and documents. But today, the ‘Bedu feel with good reason that their country is failing them.’ With an update from August 2015: Further notes from South Sinai by Hilary Gilbert.
The Making of Mugabe by Lance Guma
Ernest Renan by George Saintsbury.
The Obscure Charms of Mme Blavatsky by James Gallant.
Balthasar Gracian by E. Grant Duff.
Richard Barnfield by Ed Simon.
La Bièvre, the lost river of Paris. By Zoë Skoulding.
Herbert Palmer by Mark Jones.
Bigotry from Birth by Tom Zoellner.
Spritz at the Villa by Robin Saikia.
The Feast of the Redentore by Robin Saikia.



SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY.

Michelson, Morley and the End of Certainty by Richard Jensen.
Materializations by James Gallant.
Thomas Young’s Bakerian Lecture by Christine Simon.


POLITICS, THE PRESS & POLITICAL CULTURE.

Scottish Independence — as seen from Orkney, by Nigel Wheale.
Roger Scruton and ‘the nonsense machine’ by Michael Blackburn.
Caught between history and myth in Austin, Texas’ by Christopher Landrum.

Included: Related material from the Fortnightly’s archive republished in this New Series.


List of Editors & Contributors.

 


Chronicle & Notices: Our Rolling Register of Shorter Articles, Excerpts from Interesting Books, and Notes from Elsewhere on the Web.

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